Approaches to Translating Neologisms in Physics
This paper attempts to identify the applied strategies adopted by translators in rendering neologisms from English into Persian in texts in the field of physics. To fulfill this aim, two reference books in the field of physics together with their translation counterparts in Persian were selected as the corpus of the study. The time interval between the first published translated versions and the next was about two decades in order to determine if any changes occurred in rendering them during this period. 120 neologisms were extracted from the corpus of the study and were categorized based on Newmark’s (1988) classification of neologisms. Then their Persian equivalents in the two translated versions were compared and contrasted. Next, based on Newmark’s (1988) proposed strategies for translating neologism, the applied translation strategies were identified in order to calculate the frequency of each strategy. The findings of this study indicate that combination (couplets, triplets) was the most frequently applied strategy in translating neologisms in the corpus of the research in both periods of the study. In addition, the least frequently applied translation strategy in the translated versions published in the 1360s (the first period of the study) was transference. Furthermore, TL derived word was the least commonly used strategy adopted by the translators who translated the English versions about two decades after the publication of the first translation editions. Finally, there were no significant changes in the applied translation strategies adopted by the translators in the two aforementioned periods.
Keywords: Neologisms, Physics, Translation, Translation strategies
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Copyright (c) 2023 ُSomayeh Adili, Mohammad Amin Mozaheb, Mansooreh Esmaeili
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