Spainsh Translation of synonyms in Gulistan of Sa’di


  • Soudabeh Bashizadeh Allameh Tabataba’i University
  • Zohreh Allahdadi Dastjerdi Allameh Tabataba’i University


Gulistan of Sa’di, Christopher Waddington, Joaquin Rodriguez Vargas, Spainsh translation, synonyms, translation evaluation model


Gulistan of Sa’di has been acclaimed in many countries of the world with its worldwide fame and all or part of it has been translated into many languages. In this article the Spanish translation of Gulistan has been introduced and studied. Gulistan from the point of view of eloquence and rhetoric is such that it can be studied from various structural and content aspects, and naturally its translations have also many capabilities to study and research about. In this article, in addition to an overview of the Spanish translation of Gulistan, which was done by Joaquin Rodriguez Vargas; according to Christopher Waddington's Model C, Comparative study of different general translation evaluation methods, this translation has been evaluated. The main focus of this evaluation is to assess the translation quality of synonyms. For this reason sentences with this linguistic feature have been extracted from Gulistan and discussed in multiple divisions of translation quality. Studying the synonyms according to the Waddington table showed that the semantic nuances between the synonyms were translated accurately and well and this reveals translator's mastery in Persian language. Some synonyms have also been translated into sentences or explanatory phrases. In the end, some mistranslations are mentioned in this work.

Author Biographies

Soudabeh Bashizadeh, Allameh Tabataba’i University

Assistant Professor, Department of the Spanish Language, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran;

Zohreh Allahdadi Dastjerdi, Allameh Tabataba’i University

Assistant Professor, Department of the Persian Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran;


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How to Cite

باشی‌زاده س., & اله‌دادی دستجردی ز. (2020). Spainsh Translation of synonyms in Gulistan of Sa’di. Translation Studies Quarterly, 18(69), 43–58. Retrieved from



Scientific Research Paper